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Additional ADHD


Articles of Interest:


ADHD Symptoms

ADHD:What Do We Do?

ADHD:Ritalin a Wonder Drug?

ADHD Diagnosis

ADHD Diagnosis: Page #2

ADHD Developmental Course

ADHD and Disruptive Disorders

ADHD Assessment for Your Child?

 ADHD Assessment Page 2   

Cause of ADHD: Is it biological?

Cause of ADHD: Is it environmental?

ADHD Drugs

ADHD Drugs Page #2

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ADHD: What Do We Do? 

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder): An overview 

adhd,attention deficit hyperactivity disorderChildren who display symptoms of ADHD usually have great difficulty attending to tasks, or behave overactively and impulsively, or sometimes both.  ADHD often appears before the child starts school. The symptoms of ADHD often interact with each other.  Children who have trouble focusing may turn from task to task, and may end up running in multiple directions at once. Similarly, constantly moving children may find it very difficult to attend to tasks or show good judgment. Often once in the may be more pronounced than others.  About half of the children with ADHD, also have some type of learning or communication problem, with many performing poorly in school, and interacting with others. About 80% misbehave, often quite seriously.  It should be noted, that it is also very common for children with ADHD to have mood and anxiety problems. 

Who may get ADHD? 

Approximately 5% of schoolchildren display symptoms of ADHD, with about 90% being boys. While the disorder usually persists throughout childhood, many children seem to have marked lessening of symptoms as they move into early late adolescence and early adulthood.  About one third of children with ADHD could probably be diagnosed with the disorder in adulthood.  Parents of children with ADHD are much more likely than others to develop the disorder, with the prevalence being much higher among relatives of people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.  


Do researchers know what causes ADHD?

Most contemporary clinicians consider ADHD to have various interacting causes, including biological, high levels of stress and family dysfunction.  None of these causes however have been examined in isolation, and have received clear and consistent research support for their individual etiology. Sociocultural theorists have pointed out that ADHD symptoms and the diagnosis of ADHD in themselves, may create interpersonal problems and produce additional symptoms in the child.  Frequently, what has been found, is that children who are hyperactive tend to be viewed negatively by their peers and parents, and often view themselves quite negatively as well. 

What treatment is effective? 

There has been significant controversy about the most effective treatment for ADHD.  The most common approach has been the use of drugs, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin). These drugs have been found to have a quieting effect on children with ADHD and increase their ability to solve problems, perform academically, and control aggression.  Behavioral therapy has also been found to be quite effective for these children.  Behavioral therapy teaches parents and teachers how reward attentiveness or self-control in children.  These operant conditioning treatments are often helpful, especially when combined with drug therapy. 

Information provided by Ronald J. Comerís  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology

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Additional Information and webpage by Paul Susic  Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist  (Health and Geriatric Psychologist)

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