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Bipolar Disorder


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Bipolar Disorder




Study: Routine


Eases Bipolar





Bipolar Disorder:


What is it Really?




Mood Swings and


Bipolar Disorder




Bipolar Disorder:


Manic Episode




Bipolar I or Bipolar


II Disorder?




What is the cause


of Bipolar






 Cause of Bipolar




Biological and


Hereditary Aspects




Does stress have


any effect on


Bipolar Disorder?




Bipolar Disorder





Psychotherapy for


Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar Disorder: Manic Episode 

The manic episodes of bipolar disorders are defined by limited periods of abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by a marked impairment in judgment, as well as causing difficulty in social and occupational functioning.  These bipolar-manic episodes are frequently accompanied by unrealistic grandiose ideas, excess energy, and increases in goal-directed activity that frequently have a high potential for damaging consequences. The DSM-IV TR diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder-manic episodes follow below: 


Bipolar disorder: Manic episode 

  1. A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, lasting at least one week (or any duration if hospitalization is necessary).
  2. During the period of mood disturbance, three (or more) of the following symptoms have persisted (four if the mood is only irritable) and have been present to a significant degree:
    1. inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
    2. decreased need for sleep (e.g. feels rested after only three hours of sleep)
    3. more talkative than usual or pressure to keep talking
    4. flight of ideas or subjective experience that thoughts are racing
    5. distractability (i.e. attention too easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevant external stimuli
    6. increase in goal-directed activity (either socially, at work or school, or sexually) or psychomotor agitation
    7. excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences (e.g., engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions or foolish business investments)
  1. The symptoms do not meet criteria for a mixed episode.
  2. The mood disturbance is sufficiently severe to cause marked impairment in occupational functioning or in usual social activities or relationships with others, or to necessitate hospitalization to prevent harm to self or others, or there are psychotic features.
  3. The symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g. a drug of abuse, a medication, or other treatment) or general medical condition (e.g., hypothyroidism).

Note: Manic-like episodes that are clearly caused by somatic antidepressant treatment (e.g., medication, electroconvulsive therapy, light therapy) should not count toward a diagnosis manic-depressive I disorder

From DSM-IV-TR Mental Disorders: Diagnosis, Etiology and Treatment by Michael B. First and Allan Tasman

Additional information and webpage by Paul Susic MA Licensed Psychologist Ph.D Candidate (Health Psychology)

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