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 Female Sexual Dysfunction 

Female sexual dysfunction: An overview

Female sexual dysfunctions are usually defined by psychologists to fall within several categories such as Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, Sexual Aversion Disorder, Female Sexual Arousal Disorder, Female Orgasmic Disorder, Dyspareunia, Vaginismus and Female Sexual Dysfunction Not Otherwise Specified. The female sexual dysfunctions may be differentiated significantly from male sexual dysfunctions in relation to their psychological component. Males have a much higher preponderance of physical disease resulting in impotence, from such physical conditions as kidney disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, alcoholism, atherosclerosis, vascular disease and neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s, which have been estimated to make up nearly 70 % of the cases of male impotence. Fortunately, this has led to the development of effective medication treatments such as Viagra, Cialis and Levitra , as well as herbal treatments  to remedy these organic cases of impotence, as well as testosterone boosters to enhance the loss of testosterone as males go through the aging process. Female sexual dysfunction is usually found to have less of a physiological basis, and is more frequently related to psychological issues such as dysfunctional relationships and high levels of stress and depression.

Specific Female Sexual Dysfunction Disorders:

Female sexual dysfunction includes female orgasmic disorder, female sexual arousal disorder, vaginismus and inhibited sexual desire. Female sexual arousal disorder refers to when there is an inhibition in a woman’s ability for arousal, resulting in an inadequate sexual response during sexual activity. In order to receive this diagnosis, the dysfunction must be significant rather than a minor fluctuation in interest, which is an inherent part of human sexuality.

Another significant female sexual dysfunction is female orgasmic disorder, which is when there is an impairment in the orgasmic component of the female sexual response. This disorder applies when a woman has recurrent difficulties having orgasm after normal sexual arousal. This diagnoses should only be given after ruling out various factors which may impact upon orgasmic functioning such as type and intensity of stimulation, and considering such factors as age and experience.

Vaginismus is when there is recurrent or persistent involuntary spasms of the musculature of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse. In most cases, sexual intercourse is possible but painful. The woman is usually not aware of the vaginal spasms but may complain of physical discomfort during intercourse rather than an inability to engage in it.

Inhibited sexual desire is not technically a sexual dysfunction, but is a persistent, pervasive inhibition of sexual desire frequently caused by chronic physical disease, hormone

deficiencies, depression, stress, relationship problems, alcoholism or kidney failure. Many times there is both a diminished level of desire as well as a lack of sexual fantasies. These individuals usually do not initiate sexual activity and may only participate reluctantly when it is initiated by their sexual partner.

In Conclusion: Female Sexual Disorder

Fortunately, research continues to study ways to assist women with female sexual dysfunction. While the desire components seem to be much more complex , psychological and relational, studies continue to consider the effects of Viagra for Woman as well as various herbal remedies which are ingested orally and topical gels and creams which stimulate the clitoral tissue, resulting in increased blood flow and dilation of the blood vessels in the clitoral area, resulting in more intense sexual arousal.

Paul Susic MA Licensed Psychologist Ph.D Candidate (Health Psychology)  

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