Movement Disorder Symptoms and DSM-IV Diagnosis
Movement Disorder Symptoms and Diagnosis Overview:
symptoms and diagnostic criteria follow below. While some of these Stereotypic
Movement Disorder symptoms may be recognized by family, teachers, legal and medical
professionals, and others, only properly trained mental health
professionals (psychologists, psychiatrists, professional counselors etc.) can
or should even attempt to make a mental health diagnosis. Many additional
factors are considered in addition to the Stereotypic Movement Disorder symptoms in making proper diagnosis, including frequently
medical and psychological testing considerations. This information on
Stereotypic Movement Disorder symptoms and diagnostic
criteria are for information purposes only and should never replace the judgement and comprehensive assessment of a trained mental health clinician.
Diagnostic criteria for
307.3 Stereotypic Movement Disorder
A. Repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior
(e.g., hand shaking or waving, body rocking, head banging, mouthing of objects,
self-biting, picking at skin or bodily orifices, hitting own body).
B. The behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results
in self-inflicted bodily injury that requires medical treatment (or would result
in an injury if preventive measures were not used).
C. If Mental Retardation is present, the stereotypic or self-injurious
behavior is of sufficient severity to become a focus of treatment.
D. The behavior is not better accounted for by a compulsion (as in
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder), a tic (as in Tic Disorder), a stereotypy that is
part of a Pervasive Developmental Disorder, or hair pulling (as in
E. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a
substance or a general medical condition.
F. The behavior persists for four weeks or longer.
With Self- Injurious
Behavior: if the
behavior results in bodily damage that requires specific treatment (or that
would result in bodily damage if protective measures were not used)
Also, See: Other Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in
Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence
Other Mental Health
Diagnostic Symptoms and Criteria
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