Schizophrenia Symptoms: What
are Delusions and Thought Disorders?
Schizophrenia symptoms: Overview of the positive
symptoms of delusions and thought disorders:
symptoms can actually be categorized into three different groups: positive
symptoms (excesses of thought, emotion, and behavior), negative schizophrenia
symptoms (deficits of, emotion, and behavior), and psychomotor symptoms.
Men are more likely to display negative schizophrenia symptoms than women, while both sexes
seem to manifest positive symptoms to approximately the same degree.
Positive schizophrenia symptoms are "pathological
excesses," or what may be described as bizarre additions to a person's behavior.
Delusions, disorganized thinking and speech, heightened perceptions and
hallucinations, and inappropriate affect are the positive symptoms most often
found in schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Symptoms - Delusions:
Delusions are some the most common of the
schizophrenia symptoms. Delusions are ideas that you may believe in
fervently but actually have no basis in fact. Some people with
schizophrenia symptoms hold a single delusion, that seems to dominate their
life, while others have many delusions. Delusions of persecution
are the most common. People with these types of delusions usually feel
that they're being plotted or discriminated against, spied on, threatened,
attacked or deliberately victimized.
Delusions of reference are also relatively
common. These types of schizophrenia symptoms are when an individual
attaches special personal meaning to actions of others or to various objects and
events when there is no information to confirm this experience.
Frequently, individuals may feel that televisions are talking to them or people
are sending thoughts to them. Some of the other more common delusions include
delusions of grandeur in which individuals believe they have enormously
empowered characteristics (great inventor, movie star etc.) and delusions of
control, in which they believe their feelings, thoughts, and actions are
being controlled by other people.
Schizophrenia Symptoms - Disorganized thinking and speech:
People with schizophrenia symptoms may not be
able to think in logical ways and may demonstrate various peculiarities. These
formal thought disorders may cause the sufferer to feel enormous
confusion and make communication very difficult. Often these symptoms take the
form of loose associations, neologisms, perseveration, and clang.
People who have loose associations and
derailment, the two most common formal thought disorders, rapidly shift from
topic to topic, making it very difficult to follow their conversation.
Unfortunately, they believe their incoherent statements make perfectly good
sense. What may appear to be a single, unimportant word, then becomes the focus
or topic of the next sentence.
Some people with schizophrenia symptoms also use
neologisms, which are made-up words that typically have only meaning to
the individual who uses them. Other individuals have the formal thought
disorder, perseveration, in which they repeat their words and statements
over and over. Some also use clang or rhyming to express themselves.
Formal thought disorders are not unique to
individuals displaying schizophrenia symptoms. Loose associations and
perseveration may also be manifested in individuals during episodes of mania.
Also, even when people function normally, they may organize statements loosely
or on occasion use words that others fail to understand, especially when they're
tired or ill. Incidences of formal thought disorders however, are much
more common and severe. Research has found that some disorganized speech
or thinking may appear long before an entire pattern of schizophrenia unfolds
and/or is diagnosed.
Information provided by Ronald J. Comer's
By Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist (Health Psychology)
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